Knee replacements are needed due to damage of the knee joint from arthritis – degenerative or osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis due to injuries.
A total knee replacement surgery is performed to improve motion in the knee and decreases knee pain.
Before surgery is considered, we most often recommend non-surgical options like losing weight to take the stress of the joint, physical therapy, medications, steroid injections, or lubricating injections.
When pain or stiffness or inflammation of the knee limits patients daily activities such as walking and using stairs despite the above measures, surgery is usually the next step. Surgery is also recommended when the leg begins to bow at the knee from a deformity. The goals of knee replacement are to relieve pain, improve knee function and improve quality of life.